Civil & Military Relationships in Pakistan

When we say that Military & Govt are on same page, in reading it looks good but in practicality it unfurls a lot.
Question comes ahead that how Military & Govt can be on the same page whereas their job description are different, their SOP has no similarity, nature of job has no coherence so how Military & Govt can live on the same page. And if we believe then it can not last or can have a sustainable relationship as the experience moved on.
And more importantly Chief of Army Staff (COAS) the military commanding officer his reporting line is the Prime Minister of the country who appoints, promotes & extends COAS as & when needed, so it should be alike a Boss & a Subordinate so there always be little distance between them as the definition goes.
Civilian control of the military is a doctrine in military and political science that places ultimate responsibility for a country’s strategic decision-making in the hands of the civilian political leadership, rather than professional military officers.
Civil–military relations (Civ-Mil or CMR) describes the relationship between civil society as a whole and the military organization or organizations established to protect it. … More narrowly, it describes the relationship between the civil authority of a given society and its military authority.
In ours, military dominance in political hierarchy in the country is very much dominant since independence of the country. In 72 years history of the country, military has been ruling on us whatever may the reason.
Military coups in Pakistan began in 1958 and there have been no successful attempts. There have been numerous unsuccessful attempts since 1951. Since its creation in 1947.
Pakistan has spent several decades under military rule (1958 – 1971, 1977 – 1988, 1999 – 2008). Since 1947 Pakistan has been running under military rules three times.
All the three (Military Rulers) served as president for many years. Sometimes they used flimsy elections or bizarre constitutional clauses to hide the autocratic nature of their rule.
The 1st Martial law……The 1958 Pakistani coup d’état refers to the events between October 7, when the President of Pakistan Iskander Mirza abrogated the Constitution of Pakistan and declared martial law, and October 27, when Mirza himself was deposed by Gen. Ayub Khan, the Commander-in-Chief of the Pakistani Army.An eminent reason of Ayub khan
1958 – 1969…..Muhammed Ayub Khan rose to power in 1958. He suspended the constitution which had been adopted two years earlier and ensured that the new one gave him ample powers.
He was confirmed in office as President by an electoral college of 80,000 members who were merely asked whether they trusted him. He made Pakistan a military ally of the USA.
In the mid-1960s, however, the Soviet Union brokered a ceasefire in the short war Ayub Khan had waged against India in 1965.
Ayub Khan had to resign in 1969 because of protests in then West Pakistan and the growing independence movement from Bengalies had been erupted in then East Pakistan that soon became Bangladesh in 16th Dec 1971.
Reason of revolution among Bengali were the serious political error from Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto (ZAB) who avoided to hand over power to Seikh Mujeeb who had won 1970 General election that held in the country. Such denial from ZAB caused to revolt in then East Pakistan that ended on the emergence of Bangladesh.
The second martial law…….was imposed on 25 March 1969, when President Ayub Khan abrogated the Constitution of 1962 and handed over power to the Army Commander-in-Chief, General Agha Mohammad Yahya Khan.
1977 – 1988…..Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq a military ruler who became the 6th President of Pakistan after declaring martial law in 1977. He served as the head of state from 1978 until his death in 1988. He remains the country’s longest-serving de facto head of state.
Muhamed Zia-ul-Haq grabbed power in a coup. Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, the ousted prime minister, was sentenced to death and executed in 1979….Zia-ul-Haq promoted Islamisation, supported the Mujaheddin who were fighting Soviet troops in Afghanistan.
And on Washington advise to break the second super power in the world, Mujahedin were inducted to break USSR & that’s Washington got this job done by Ziaul haq where USSR disintegrated in eighteen provinces an independent autonomy.
Zia ul Haq aligned the country more closely to Washington, but also pursued a nuclear programme. Pakistan detonated nuclear test devices in 1998, after ten years he died in a plane crash.
The 3rd Martial law – Martial law judges
After calling for martial law, Zia pressured President Fazal Illahi to appoint Justice Sheikh Anwarul Haq to Chief Justice of Pakistan on 23 September 1977.
1999 – 2008…A bloodless coup d’état in 99
Pervez Musharraf toppled Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif in 1999 just when Sharif had decided to fire him as top army leader after a failed military campaign in the Kargil region of Kashmir & conspiracy to crash Musharraf flight while he was on board coming back from Srilanka.
Musharraf held onto power until 2008. US Presi­dent George W. Bush initially considered him a close ally in the fight against the Taliban, but later the US administration became more skeptical because Pakistan’s military secret service was obviously still in touch with some Islamist militant outfits.
Although Pakistan was founded as a democracy after its independence from the British Raj, the military has remained one of the country’s most powerful institutions and has on occasion overthrown democratically elected civilian governments on the basis of mismanagement and corruption or failure in state affairs
Also its a general perception among nation that civilian ruler who compels military or creates such environment where military being constrained takes over the country.
Now PTI is in office let’s hope to run the country safely giving people a welfare state.
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Hi My name is Iqbal Hussain. And if you’re reading this then I guess you’re interested in learning all about me. I’m a blogger have been writing on gilded age politics dominated by corruption, as politicians took bribes and rewarded their supporters with posh government jobs. Elections had high turnout and extraordinarily close results, but neither major party pursued ambitious policies resulting the people of the country always remains vulnerable.


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